indonesia travel magazine

Central Kalimantan Tanjung-Puting-National-Park Introduction

Tanjung-Puting-National-Park

Introduction

Tanjung-Puting-01-800

tanjung-puting-kl
General
The 400,000 ha Tanjung Puting National Park is located in the south-western part of Central Kalimantan Province and is Kalimantan’s most famous national park. Tanjung Puting is listed as a Man And the Biosphere (MAB) Reserve.
Tanjung Puting National Park occupies most of the peninsula between Teluk Kumai and the Seruyan River and offers a varied natural landscape ranging from peat and freshwater swamp forests to lowland tropical rainforests and heath forests. Mangroves are confined to a small belt along the coastal peninsular while the sandy beaches have a typical flora consisting of Casuarina, Pandanus, Barringtonia, Podocarpus and Scaevola trees. The park is drained by several so-called black water rivers radiating from the northern and eastern parts.
Tanjung Puting National Park owes its fame to two primates: the Orangutan and the endemic Proboscis monkey. At Tanjung Harapan, Pondok Tangui, and Camp Leakey orangutans are rehabilitated and returned to the wild. Camp Leakey is also a research station dedicated to research on orangutans. Natai Lengkuas Research Station, the other research site in the park, is located at the southeast bank of Sungai Sekonyer and focuses on Proboscis monkeys, vegetation ecology, and forest restoration. Both centres can be visited.
Note:
Unfortunately Tanjung Puting has recently been invaded by illegal loggers and gold miners. Two environmental activists have been severely beaten. The two were investigating the illegal deforestation by P.T. Tanjung Lingga, a logging company owned by an Indonesian MP, whom has been identified as Abdul Rasyid. The Natai Lengkuas Field Station has been temporarily closed due to direct threats against the staff. For more information see Ecological anarchy.
Access
To get to Tanjung Puting National Park you need time or money. First you have to go to Pangkalanbun which can be reached in several ways:
 If you have money but no time go by plane. There are flights to Pangkalanbun from Jakarta, Bandung and Semarang on Java and from Palangkaraya, Banjarmasin, Sampit, Pontianak and Ketapang on Kalimantan. There are taxi’s from the airport or alternatively walk to the highway and take the minibus to Pangkalanbun.
* If you have time but no money and you’re already on Kalimantan you have two choices:
1. From Palangkaraya take a bus to Pangkalanbun. This journey can take a lot of time. Normally it takes about 8 hours but during the wet season it’s sometimes impossible to make the trip at all.
2. From Banjarmasin take a boat to Sampit. In Sampit you can board the Palangkaraya-Pangkalabun bus, if it runs.
From Pangkalabun it’s pretty straight forward:
1. Register at the local police office. Bring two copies of your passport.
2. Take a taxi or minibus to Kumai (1 hour).
3. Register at the PHPA office in Kumai. Bring two copies of your passport.
4. Take the public boat to kampung Tanjung Harapan, or hire a klotok.
Transport through the park is by boat. At the Camp Leakey camp you can hire a PKA guide and explore the park.
Accommodation
* Kumai
o Losmen Kumara
o Losmen Cempaka
* Tanjung Harapan
o Rimba Hotel
Or sleep at the hired klotok.
Addresses
PHPA, Jl. H.M. Idris, Kumai.
Trekking
Hire a guide at one of the camps inside Tanjung Puting National Park or a canoe at Rimba Hotel.

Tanjung Puting is one of the natural wonders of the world. You may not believe this after you have been there only one day or two days or three days, but after the fourth or fifth day something happens. You are captivated completely by the purity of the air, the openness of the night sky with the most remarkable view of the Milky Way, the magnificence and dignity of the gentle orangutans, the thundering downpours that instantly cool the air, and the clarity of the brilliant crimson sunsets. Tanjung Puting is the largest and most diverse protected example of extensive coastal tropical heath and peat swamp forest which used to cover much of southern Borneo. The area was originally declared as a game reserve in 1935 and a National Park in 1982. While the Park has checkered history of weak protection, nonetheless, it remains substantially wild and natural.
Tanjung Puting is covered by a complex mosaic of diverse lowland habitats. It contains 3,040 sq km2 of low lying swampy terrain punctuated by black water rivers which flow into the Java Sea. At the mouth of these rivers and along the sea coast are found Nipa/mangrove swamps. Mangroves teem with animal life. Tanjung Puting also includes tall dry ground tropical rain forest, primarily tropical heath forest, with a canopy of 40 meters (120 feet) with “emergent” exceeding 50 meters (150 ft) in height, seasonally inundated peat swamp forest with peat in layers two meters deep, open depression lakes formed by fire, and open areas of abandoned dry rice fields now covered with elephant grass and ferns. The tropical heath forest which is called “kerangas” in parts of Borneo, is only found on very poor, typically white-sandy soils and is characterized by medium-sized trees.
The best known animals in Tanjung Puting are the orangutans, made famous through the efforts of Orangutan Research and Conservation Program, which is based at the landmark Camp Leakey research station. Tanjung Puting also boasts the bizarre looking proboscis monkey with its “Jimmy Durante” nose as well as seven other primate species. Clouded leopards, civets, and Malaysian sun bears cavort in the park as do mouse deer, barking deer, sambar deer, and the wild cattle known as banteng. Tanjung Puting hosts over 220 species of birds, including hornbills, deep forest birds and many wetland species. Tanjung Puting is well known for its “bird lakes, ” seasonal rookeries for a half a dozen species of endangered waterbirds, including the only known Bornean nesting grounds for white egrets. Tanjung Puting also has two species of crocodiles, dozens of snakes and frogs, numerous threatened species, including the fortune-bringing and highly endangered “dragon” fish also known as the Arwana (bony-tongue). Among the most flamboyant of these animals are the many species of colorful birds, butterflies, and moths found in the Park.
Tanjung Puting sits on a peninsula that juts out into the Java Sea. The peninsula is low lying and swampy with a spine of dry ground which rises a few feet above the omnipresent swamp. Towards the north of Tanjung Puting is characterized by gentle hills and gold-bearing alluvial plains. Maps of the region commonly portray a ridge of mountains coming down into Tanjung Puting. This ridge does not exist, in fact, nowhere does the altitude rise above 100 feet in Tanjung Puting.
Tanjung Puting is a veritable hothouse of ecodiversity. The diverse habitat zones shelter slightly different fauna and flora providing a great variety of microhabitats for plants and animals and thus, the opportunity for many species to be present in close proximity. In a Bornean context, tropical heath forest by itself is not representative of the largest trees, the tallest canopy, or the most diverse ecosystem.
Tropical swamp ecosystems are little represented in protected areas throughout Southeast Asia but are omnipresent in Tanjung Puting. In the peat swamp forest, many trees have stilt roots or aerial roots as adaptations to frequent flooding.
Aside from its remarkable biological attributes, Tanjung Puting is highly important for the well-being of the surrounding local human population. The wetlands provide vital ecological services such as flood control, stream control regulation, erosion control, natural biological filtration system, and seasonal nurseries for fish which are the major source of local animal protein. Many of these services have an impact well beyond the local area. For instance, the waters surrounding Tanjung Puting attract fishing vessels from many different parts of Indonesia. In addition, local people benefit from a great variety of forest products including honey, waxes, aromatic woods, fibers for ropes and cloth, medicinal plants, fuel oils, thatching materials, rattan, firewood, incense, wild rubber, edible latexes, resins, natural pesticides, fungicides and possible virocides.
For the above reasons and many other reasons not noted, Tanjung Puting is recognized as one of the most important and outstanding provincial treasures in Kalimantan Tengah. The national government has also made a strong commitment to protect the forest, its wildlife and to manage the park wisely. Tanjung Puting has increasingly gained international prestige and recognition. As a result, more and more visitors from throughout the world are experiencing a fresh new outlook on nature and an appreciation of the tropical rain forest which was humankind’s original “Garden of Eden.”
The peat swamp and fresh water swamp forest associations present in Tanjung Puting were at one time extensive along the south coast of Borneo from Banjarmasin in the east to the Kapuas River near Pontianak in the west. These swamps extended up the northwest coast of Sarawak and Brunei and as far as the Klias peninsula in Sabah. In Sarawak in general, peat swamp forests are very well developed and they are still very important there as a natural resource. In Kalimantan, however, much of the swamp habitat has been converted, both permanently and on shifting cultivation basis, to rice fields. Swamp habitats, as found in Tanjung Puting, are becoming more difficult to find. Although Tanjung Puting has suffered some encroachment from human activity, the Park area is still wild and pristine. The vegetation supports a large population of animals, making this one of the most important areas in Southeast Asia for the preservation primates, birds, reptiles and fish.

camp-Leaky-02-800

Klotoks moored to the dock at camp Leaky.

Flora
* Anacardiaceae
o Bouea burmanica
o Campnosperma spp.
o Gluta wallichii
o Koordersiodendron pinnatum
o Mangifera malang
o Mangifera pajang
o Mangifera torquenda
o Mangifera spp.
o Melanochyla beccariana
o Melanochyla elmeri
o Melanochyla sp.
o Semecarpus heterophyllus
* Annonaceae
o Alphonsea sp.
o Artabotrys suaveolens
o Goniothalamus sp.
o Mezzettia leptopoda
o Mezzettia sp.
o Polyalthia hypoleuca
o Polyalthia rumphii
o Popowia pisocarpa
o Uvaria purpurea
o Xylopia caudata
o Xylopia malayana
* Apocynaceae
o Alstonia angustifolia
o Alstonia angustiloba
o Alstonia parvifolia
o Chilocarpus torulosus
o Dyera polyphylla
o Melodinus sp.
* Araceae
o Scindapsus hederacus
* Araliaceae
o Schefflera sp.
* Asclepiadaceae
o Dischidia hirsuta
o Dischidia lanceolata
o Dischidia rafflesiana
o Hoya lacunosa
* Aspleniaceae
o Asplenium nidus
* Avicenniaceae
o Avicennia spp.
* Bombacaceae
o Durio acutifolius
o Durio dulcis
o Durio oxleyanus
* Burseraceae
o Canarium apertum
o Dacryodes costata
o Dacryodes incurvata
o Santiria apiculata
o Santiria laevigata
o Santiria rubiginosa
o Santiria tomentosa
o Santiria sp.
o Scutinanthe brunnea
* Casuarinaceae
o Casuarina nobilis
o Casuarina sumatrana
* Celastraceae
o Salacia sp.
* Chrysobalanaceae
o Parastemon sp.
o Parinari corymbosum
* Combretaceae
o Terminalia sp.
* Connaraceae
o Rourea mimosoides
o Rourea minor
* Convolvulaceae
o Erycibe borneensis
o Erycibe impressa
* Cornaceae
o Mastixia rostrata
* Crypteroniaceae
o Dactylocladus spp.
* Ctenolophonaceae
o Ctenolophon parvifolius
* Dilleniaceae
o Dillenia excelsa
o Dillenia exima
* Dipterocarpaceae
o Hopea spp.
o Shorea balangeran
o Shorea spp.
o Vatica spp.
* Ebenaceae
o Diospyros buxifolia
o Diospyros evene
o Diospyros hermaphroditica
o Diospyros maingayi
o Diospyros polyanthoides
o Diospyros sp.
* Elaeocarpaceae
o Elaeocarpus angustipes
* Ericaceae
o Vaccinium sp.
* Euphorbiaceae
o Antidesma coriaceum
o Antidesma cuspidatum
o Ashtonia excelsa
o Baccaurea beccariana
o Baccaurea kunstleri
o Baccaurea pendula
o Baccaurea sumatrana
o Baccaurea spp.
o Chaetocarpus castanocarpus
o Drypetes sp.
o Neoscortechinia kingii
o Trigonopleura malayana
* Fagaceae
o Castanopsis fulva
o Castanopsis sp.
o Lithocarpus bancanus
o Lithocarpus conocarpus
o Lithocarpus sericobalanus
* Flacourtiaceae
o Ryparosa kostermansii
* Gnetaceae
o Gnetum latifolium
o Gnetum leptostachyum
* Goodeniaceae
o Scaevola spp.
* Gramineae
o Imperata cylindrica
o Phragmites sp.
* Guttiferae
o Calophyllum macrocarpum
o Calophyllum pulcherrimum
o Calophyllum soulattri
o Garcinia miquelii
o Garcinia nervosa
o Garcinia parvifolia
o Garcinia rigida
o Garcinia spp.
o Mesua spp.
* Hanguanaceae
o Hanguana malayana
* Icacinaceae
o Cantleya corniculata
* Irvingiaceae
o Irvingia malayana
* Lauraceae
o Beilschmiedia kunstleri
o Cinnamomum javanicum
o Eusideroxylon zwageri
* Lecythidaceae
o Barringtonia spp.
* Leguminosae – Caesalpinoideae
o Dialium maingayi
o Dialium patens
o Dialium sp.
o Koompassia malaccensis
o Sindora beccariana
o Sindora sp.
* Leguminosae – Mimosoideae
o Anadenanthera pavonina
o Entada phaseolades
o Parkia speciosa
o Pithecellobium kunstleri
o Pithecellobium rosulatum
o Pithecellobium sp.
* Leguminosae – Papilionoideae
o Kunstleria sp.
o Spatholobus ferrugineus
* Loganiaceae
o Fagraea fragrans
* Loranthaceae
o Lepeostegeres beccarii
* Lythraceae
o Sonneratia spp.
* Magnoliaceae
o Magnolia nutans
* Marantaceae
o Marantochloa leucanthe
* Melastomataceae
o Memecylon caloneuron
o Memecylon edule
o Memecylon sp.
o Pternandra coerulescens
* Meliaceae
o Aglaia aspera
o Aglaia sp.
o Aphanamixis humilis
o Sandoricum emarginatum
o Xylocarpus granatum
* Moraceae
o Artocarpus anisophyllea
o Artocarpus fulvicortex
o Artocarpus gomezianus
o Artocarpus rigidus
o Artocarpus spp.
o Ficus annulata
o Ficus deltoidea
o Ficus drupacea
o Ficus heteropleura
o Ficus microcarpa
o Ficus sundaica
o Ficus spp.
o Parartocarpus venenosus
* Myristicaceae
o Horsfieldia crassifolia
o Knema galeata
o Knema sp.
o Myristica spp.
* Myrsinaceae
o Ardisia lamponga
* Myrtaceae
o Baeckia spp.
o Eugenia bankensii
o Eugenia fastigata
o Eugenia lineata
o Eugenia punctulata
o Eugenia zeylanica
o Eugenia sp.
o Melaleuca spp.
o Tristaniopsis obovata
* Olacaceae
o Scorodocarpus spp.
* Orchidaceae
o Appendicula lucida
o Vanda hookeriana
* Oxalidaceae
o Sarcotheca diversifolia
* Palmae
o Daemonorops sp.
o Licuala spp.
o Nypa fruticans
* Pandanaceae
o Pandanus helicopus
o Pandanus spp.
* Podocarpaceae
o Dacrydium spp.
o Podocarpus spp.
* Polygalaceae
o Xanthophyllum rufum
o Xanthophyllum spp.
* Polypodiaceae
o Pyrrosia albicans
* Pteridaceae
o Acrostichum spp.
* Rhizophoraceae
o Bruguiera spp.
o Rhizophora spp.
* Rosaceae
o Prunus parviflorum
* Rubiaceae
o Canthium sp.
o Jackiopsis spp.
o Timonius brandenhorstii
* Rutaceae
o Acronychia porteri
o Merope angulata
* Sapindaceae
o Lepisanthes amoena
o Nephelium spp.
o Xerospermum noronhianum
* Sapotaceae
o Chrysophyllum lanceolatum
o Madhuca motleyana
o Palaquium gutta
o Palaquium quericifolium
o Palaquium ridleyi
o Palaquium rostrata
o Palaquium waesuraefolium
o Palaquium spp.
* Sterculiaceae
o Scaphium macropodum
o Sterculia coccinea
* Symplocaceae
o Symplocos celastrifolia
* Tetrameristaceae
o Tetramerista glabra
* Theaceae
o Schima spp.
* Thymelaeaceae
o Gonystylus acuminatus
o Gonystylus bancanus
* Tiliaceae
o Microcos spp.
* Ulmaceae
o Gironniera nervosa
o Gironniera sp.
* Verbenaceae
o Vitex spp.
* Vitaceae
o Ampelocissus thyrsiflora
Mammals
* Malayan pangolin – Manis javanica
* Moonrat – Echinosorex gymnura
* Malayan flying lemur – Cynocephalus variegatus
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Pig-tailed macaque – Macaca nemestrina
* Proboscis monkey – Nasalis larvatus
* Maroon leaf monkey – Presbytis rubicunda
* Silvered leaf monkey – Trachypithecus cristatus
* Orangutan – Pongo pygmaeus
* Agile gibbon – Hylobates agilis
* Greater slow loris – Nycticebus coucang
* Western tarsier – Tarsius bancanus
* Clouded leopard – Neofelis nebulosa
* Leopard cat – Prionailurus bengalensis
* Hairy-nosed otter – Lutra sumatrana
* Javan stink badger – Mydaus javanensis
* Yellow-throated marten – Martes flavigula
* Malayan sunbear – Helarctos malayanus
* Binturong – Arctictis binturong
* Common palm civet – Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
* Malay civet – Viverra tangalunga
* Irrawaddy dolphin – Orcaella brevirostris
* Dugong – Dugong dugon
* Banteng – Bos javanicus
* Sambar – Cervus unicolor
* Bornean yellow muntjac – Muntiacus atherodes
* Barking deer – Muntiacus muntjak
* Bearded pig – Sus barbatus
* Lesser mouse deer – Tragulus javanicus
* Large mouse deer – Tragulus napu
* Common short-tailed porcupine – Hystrix brachyura
* Prevost’s squirrel – Callosciurus prevostii

Possibly
* Bornean bay cat – Catopuma badia

Birds
* Black Patridge – Melanoperdix nigra
* Crimson-headed Patridge – Haematortyx sanguiniceps
* Crested Partridge – Rollulus rouloul
* Crestless Fireback – Lophura erythrophthalma
* Crested Fireback – Lophura ignita
* Bulwer’s Pheasant – Lophura bulweri
* Bornean Peacock-Pheasant – Polyplectron schleiermacheri
* Great Argus – Argusianus argus
* Wandering Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna arcuata
* Rufous Piculet – Sasia abnormis
* Sunda Woodpecker – Dendrocopos moluccensis
* Rufous Woodpecker – Celeus brachyurus
* White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
* Banded Woodpecker – Picus mineaceus
* Crimson-winged Woodpecker – Picus puniceus
* Olive-backed Woodpecker – Dinopium rafflesii
* Common Flameback – Dinopium javanense
* Maroon Woodpecker – Blythipicus rubiginosus
* Orange-backed Woodpecker – Reinwardtipicus validus
* Buff-rumped Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tristis
* Buff-necked Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tukki
* Grey-and-buff Woodpecker – Hemicircus concretus
* Great Slaty Woodpecker – Mulleripicus pulverulentus
* Red-crowned Barbet – Megalaima rafflesii
* Red-throated Barbet – Megalaima mystacophanos
* Blue-eared Barbet – Megalaima australis
* Brown Barbet – Calorhamphus fuliginosus
* Oriental-Pied Hornbill – Anthracoceros albirostris
* Black Hornbill – Anthracoceros malayanus
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Bushy-crested Hornbill – Anorrhinus galeritus
* Wrinkled Hornbill – Aceros corrugatus
* Wreathed Hornbill – Aceros undulatus
* Red-naped Trogon – Harpactes kasumba
* Diard’s Trogon – Harpactes diardii
* Scarlet-rumped Trogon – Harpactes duvaucelii
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Black-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx erithacus
* Rufous-backed Kingfisher – Ceyx rufidorsa
* Stork-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis capensis
* Ruddy Kingfisher – Halcyon coromanda
* Black-capped Kingfisher – Halcyon pileata
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Sacred Kingfisher – Todirhamphus sanctus
* Red-bearded Bee-eater – Nyctyornis amictus
* Blue-throated Bee-eater – Merops viridis
* Indian Cuckoo – Cuculus micropterus
* Plaintive Cuckoo – Cacomantis merulinus
* Violet Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
* Drongo Cuckoo – Surniculus lugubris
* Chestnut-bellied Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
* Raffle’s Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
* Red-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus javanicus
* Chestnut-breasted Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
* Greater Coucal – Centropus sinensis
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Blue-rumped Parrot – Psittinus cyanurus
* Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus galgulus
* Long-tailed Parakeet – Psittacula longicauda
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Black-nest Swiftlet – Aerodramus maximus
* Edible-nest Swiftlet – Aerodramus fuciphagus
* Silver-rumped Spinetail – Rhaphidura leucopygialis
* Brown-backed Needletail – Hirundapus giganteus
* Asian Palm-Swift – Cypsiurus balasiensis
* House Swift – Apus nipalensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Whiskered Treeswift – Hemiprocne comata
* Oriental Bay-Owl – Phodilus badius
* Reddish Scops-Owl – Otus rufescens
* Sunda Scops-Owl – Otus lempiji
* Barred Eagle-Owl – Bubo sumatranus
* Buffy Fish-Owl – Ketupa ketupu
* Brown Wood-Owl – Strix leptogrammica
* Brown Hawk-Owl – Ninox scutulata
* Large Frogmouth – Batrachostomus auritus
* Blyth’s Frogmouth – Batrachostomus affinis
* Sunda Frogmouth – Batrachostomus cornutus
* Malaysian Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus temminckii
* Large-tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus macrurus
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Cinnamon-headed Green-Pigeon – Treron fulvicollis
* Little Green-Pigeon – Treron olax
* Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
* Thick-billed Green-Pigeon – Treron curvirostra
* Large Green-Pigeon – Treron capellei
* Jambu Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus jambu
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* Pied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula bicolor
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* Watercock – Gallicrex cinerea
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Oriental Pratincole – Glareola maldivarum
* Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii
* Little Tern – Sterna albifrons
* White-winged Tern – Chlidonias leucopterus
* Oriental Honey-buzzard – Pernis ptilorhyncus
* Bat Hawk – Macheiramphus alcinus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Lesser Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga humilis
* Grey-headed Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
* Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
* Crested Goshawk – Accipiter trivirgatus
* Japanese Sparrowhawk – Accipiter gularis
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* Blyth’s Hawk-Eagle – Spizaetus alboniger
* Black-thighed Falconet – Microhierax fringillarius
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Black Bittern – Ixobrychus flavicollis
* Black-crowned Night-Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Great Egret – Ardea alba
* Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Storm’s Stork – Ciconia stormi
* Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus
* Blue-headed Pitta – Pitta baudii
* Garnet Pitta – Pitta granatina
* Blue-winged Pitta – Pitta moluccensis
* Black-and-red Broadbill – Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
* Banded Broadbill – Eurylaimus javanicus
* Black-and-yellow Broadbill – Eurylaimus ochromalus
* Green Broadbill – Calyptomena viridis
* Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
* Asian Fairy-bluebird – Irena puella
* Greater Green Leafbird – Chloropsis sonnerati
* Lesser Green Leafbird – Chloropsis cyanopogon
* Blue-winged Leafbird – Chloropsis cochinchinensis
* Brown Shrike – Lanius cristatus
* Long-tailed Shrike – Lanius schach
* Malaysian Rail-babbler – Eupetes macrocerus
* Mangrove Whistler – Pachycephala grisola
* Crested Jay – Platylophus galericulatus
* Black Magpie – Platysmurus leucopterus
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Bornean Bristlehead – Pityriasis gymnocephala
* Dark-throated Oriole – Oriolus xanthonotus
* Bar-bellied Cuckooshrike – Coracina striata
* Lesser Cuckooshrike – Coracina fimbriata
* Pied Triller – Lalage nigra
* Fiery Minivet – Pericrocotus igneus
* Scarlet Minivet – Pericrocotus flammeus
* Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike – Hemipus hirundinaceus
* Pied Fantail – Rhipidura javanica
* Spotted Fantail – Rhipidura perlata
* Bronzed Drongo – Dicrurus aeneus
* Greater Racket-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus
* Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
* Asian Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone paradisi
* Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia
* Green Iora – Aegithina viridissima
* Rufous-winged Philentoma – Philentoma pyrhopterum
* Maroon-breasted Philentoma – Philentoma velatum
* Large Woodshrike – Tephrodornis gularis
* Grey-chested Jungle-Flycatcher – Rhinomyias umbratilis
* Yellow-rumped Flycatcher – Ficedula zanthopygia
* Rufous-chested Flycatcher – Ficedula dumetoria
* Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis turcosus
* Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis rufigastra
* Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
* White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
* Rufous-tailed Shama – Trichixos pyrropyga
* Asian Glossy Starling – Aplonis panayensis
* Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
* Velvet-fronted Nuthatch – Sitta frontalis
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Black-and-white Bulbul – Pycnonotus melanoleucos
* Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
* Grey-bellied Bulbul – Pycnonotus cyaniventris
* Puff-backed Bulbul – Pycnonotus eutilotus
* Yellow-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus goiavier
* Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
* Cream-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus simplex
* Red-eyed Bulbul – Pycnonotus brunneus
* Spectacled Bulbul – Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
* Yellow-bellied Bulbul – Alophoixus phaeocephalus
* Hook-billed Bulbul – Setornis criniger
* Hairy-backed Bulbul – Tricholestes criniger
* Buff-vented Bulbul – Iole olivacea
* Yellow-bellied Prinia – Prinia flaviventris
* Javan White-eye – Zosterops flavus
* Dark-necked Tailorbird – Orthotomus atrogularis
* Rufous-tailed Tailorbird – Orthotomus sericeus
* Ashy Tailorbird – Orthotomus ruficeps
* White-chested Babbler – Trichastoma rostratum
* Ferruginous Babbler – Trichastoma bicolor
* Short-tailed Babbler – Malacocincla malaccensis
* Black-capped Babbler – Pellorneum capistratum
* Abbott’s Babbler – Malacocincla abbotti
* Horsfield’s Babbler – Malacocincla sepiarium
* Moustached Babbler – Malacopteron magnirostre
* Sooty-capped Babbler – Malacopteron affine
* Scaly-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron cinereum
* Rufous-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron magnum
* Grey-breasted Babbler – Malacopteron albogulare
* Black-throated Babbler – Stachyris nigricollis
* Chestnut-rumped Babbler – Stachyris maculata
* Chestnut-winged Babbler – Stachyris erythroptera
* Striped Tit-Babbler – Macronous gularis
* Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler – Macronous ptilosus
* Brown Fulvetta – Alcippe brunneicauda
* Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus maculatus
* Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus percussus
* Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker – Prionochilus xanthopygius
* Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus thoracicus
* Yellow-vented Flowerpecker – Dicaeum chrysorrheum
* Orange-bellied Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trigonostigma
* Plain Flowerpecker – Dicaeum concolor
* Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum cruentatum
* Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker – Dicaeum trochileum
* Plain Sunbird – Anthreptes simplex
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Red-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes rhodolaema
* Ruby-cheeked Sunbird – Anthreptes singalensis
* Purple-naped Sunbird – Hypogramma hypogrammicum
* Purple-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia sperata
* Copper-throated Sunbird – Nectarinia calcostetha
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Crimson Sunbird – Aethopyga siparaja
* Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
* Thick-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera crassirostris
* Long-billed Spiderhunter – Arachnothera robusta
* Spectacled Spiderhunter – Arachnothera flavigaster
* Yellow-eared Spiderhunter – Arachnothera chrysogenys
* Dusky Munia – Lonchura fuscans
* Southern Black-headed Munia – Lonchura atricapilla

Reptiles
* Bornean Terrapin – Orlitia borneensis
* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Hawksbill Turtle – Eretmochelys imbricata
* Asian Brown Tortoise – Manouria emys
* Common Flying Lizard – Draco volans
* Brown Rough-neck Monitor – Varanus dumerilii
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator
* Green Whip Snake – Ahaetulla prasina
* Yellow-ringed Cat Snake – Boiga dendrophila
* Paradise Tree Snake – Chrysopelea paradisi
* Waglers Pitviper – Tropidolaemus wagleri
* Banded Krait – Bungarus fasciatus
* Equatorial Spitting Cobra – Naja sumatrana
* Hamadryad – Ophiophagus hannah
* Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus
* False Ghavial – Tomistoma schlegelii

Fishes
* Asian Arowana – Scleropages formosus

Tanjung Puting Extension

Latitude : 2 52 52 S Logitude : 111 57 7 E
Altitude : 0 to 100 metres
Area : 70000 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Tenure : Government of Indonesia
Site Description
In general sloping (0-10%) flat-lands with rivers and swamps. Principal vegetation: Rhizophora sp., Avicenia spp., Nypa fruticans. (Coastal type vegetation), Barringtonia sp.

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