indonesia travel magazine

Toba Lake, North Sumatra

 
toba-01-800
 
 
 
 
Toba Lake is a lake and supervolcano. The lake is 100 kilometres long and 30 kilometres wide, and 505 metres (1,666 ft) at its deepest point. Located in the middle of the northern part of the Indonesian island of Sumatra with a surface elevation of about 900 metres (2,953 ft), the lake stretches from 2.88°N 98.52°E to 2.35°N 99.1°E. It is the largest lake in Indonesia and the largest volcanic lake in the world.

Toba Lake is the site of a supervolcanic eruption that occurred an estimated 69,000 to 77,000 years ago, a massive, climate-changing event. It is estimated to have been a VEI 8 eruption. It is the largest known explosive eruption anywhere on Earth in the last 25 million years. According to the Toba catastrophe theory, it had global consequences, killing most humans then alive and creating a population bottleneck in Central Eastern Africa and India that affected the genetic inheritance of all humans today. However, this hypothesis is not widely accepted due to lack of evidence for any other animal decline or extinction, even in environmentally sensitive species. However, it has been accepted that the eruption of Toba led to a volcanic winter with a worldwide decline in temperatures between 3 to 5 °C (5 to 9 °F), and up to 15 °C (27.0 °F) in higher latitudes.

 
 
 

Read also

North Sulawesi Mas Popaya Raja Nature Reserve Longitude (DD) 122.64281238 Latitude (DD) 0.99943669 Designation Nature Reserve Status Designated Current Status Not Known Establishment Year 1939 IUCN Category Ia Documented Total Area (ha) 160 GIS Total Area (ha) 3.755 Related Posts:Gunung Sojol Nature ReserveBatang Palupuh Nature ReserveDespatah Nature ReserveSouth Kalimantan Bukit[…]

Read More »
Tari-Selampir-Delapan-01

Jambi, Tari Selampir Delapan

Jambi, Tari Selampir Delapan Eight Selampir dance, a social dance of young people and is very popular in the area of ​​Jambi. Related Posts:Jambi, Tari Cawan, danceJambi, Selampit Delapan DanceNorth Sulawesi, Tari-tarian Daerah Sulawesi UtaraTari Kancet Papatai, Tari Perang danceJambi, Traditional Dance, Kerinci, SumatraTari Gantar danceRiau, Tari Baluse, danceBali, Tari[…]

Read More »