indonesia travel magazine

Yogyakarta 5 Musea no Pictures.

Yogyakarta 5 Musea no Pictures

Thanks to Yogyes, the most nice Indonesian Museum site I have seen

Biology Museum

The museum is located on Jalan Sultan Agung. It is a part of the Faculty of Biology at the Gajah Mada University as a means of education. It is particularly related to knowledge of the flora and fauna found in Indonesia. It is equipped with a diorama setting depicting the life of the animals in Indonesia and their habitat. Among these animals is the Komodo Dragon, the biggest lizard in the world and lives on Komodo island.

Central Museum

The Central Museum is a must visit spot for all those who are on the tour of this land. It is reputedly one of the best museums in the whole of South East Asia. The Central Museum, Yogyakarta was established in 1788 and till today it is said to possess the most complete set of Indonesian artifacts in the world.
The collection is huge that it is rival to even the Leiden Museum that is said to be the best in the world. The Central Museum has the best collection of Thai, Chinese and Vietnamese export ceramics, Tang, Han and Ming porcelain. The numismatic collection of this museum is all inclusive of the rare specimens of the special type of cloth money that was used in various parts of the land of Indonesia.

Dharma Wiratama Museum

The Central Museum of TNI AD collects the historically invaluable articles since 1945 up to the rebel G30S/PKI in 1965, generally those related to the Indonesian Armed Forces and national struggle, and specifically those related to the Army (TNI AD). Most of the collections are weapons and heraldika items, historical documents, photographs, numismatic articles, and others.

Geotechnology Mineral Museum

The collections exhibited in the museums are:
(1) Exhibition Room 1: there are various of stones (sediments, metamorfs, frozen) with samples from different areas, fossiles, tektit, artefacts, some skulls of Phitecantropus erectus, some of Homo erectus, fossil of a giant elephant (mastodon), locations of active volcanoes all over Indonesia, and the areas of earthquake alert in Indonesia.
(2) Exhibition Room 2: there are some models of mining, both of surface and underground mining, drill equipments, explosives, mine lamp for underground mining, samples of unearthed minerals originated from Yogyakarta Province and Central Java, some minerals from Madagascar, and a model of off shore mining.

17 August 1949 was a special day when the Independence Day was celebrated in Gedung Agung Yogyakarta after the return of Soekarno-Hatta from Bangka on 6 July 1949 and General Sudirman from his guerilla on 10 July 1949.

Based on the Round Table Conference on 27 December in Den Haag, Netherlands officially handed over the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia. Unfortunately, the Great General Sudirman could not see further result of his struggle. Tuberculosis virus gnawing his lungs after going in and out of forests for months finally defeated him. On 29 January 1950, the Great General died in a place provided for retired soldiers in Badakan, Magelang. He was then buried in the funeral for the patriots in Semaki, Yogyakarta.

The Great Commander is also a common human being. He has home and family to protect. Through this visualization, the museum tells more about the life of General Sudirman as a husband and father, and the highest leader in military. A general that never surrendered to colonies, even to the illness he suffered. Entering the museum seems like entering channel of time when the Great General Sudirman spent his days as a Leader. (YogYES.COM: R. Syah)

Next to the Sultan Palace, precisely at the west side of it, there is a Museum Kereta or Museum of Chariot. Generally, the collections were bought at the era of Sri Sultan HB VIII who was considered as the reformer Sultan. At this time, there were no more war in the kingdom of Yogyakarta, therefore Sultan began to do other activities such as renovating the palace and buying chariots.
There are 22 chariots kept at the Museum Kereta Yogyakarta. The museum used to be the garage for the chariots of the palace. Some sacred chariots are isolated and only opened as the visitors come.

Pura Pakualaman Museum

Palace of (Pura) Pakualaman is one of the urban heritage of the City of Gudeg. Pura Pakualaman consists of many buildings in one exclusive area, more or less 5,4 ha. It is interesting to understand that Pura Pakualaman is heading southward, on the contrary with Kraton Yogyakarta which is heading northward.

As the center of local government, Pura Pakualaman has alun-alun, masjid, and traditional market. There are also common people society, abdi dalem, and several other building with theirs unique functions, and all of them is included in Kecamatan Pakualaman.

You will pass Alun-alun Sewandana which has many Beringin trees to enter the main area of Pura Pakualaman. After the main gate, called Regol Danawara, there is an inscription written on the gate 7-8-1884, as the mark of establishment of the regol. In the cepuri part, there is a beautiful park and some sacred buildings, such as Pendapa Bangsal Sewatama, Dalem Ageng Prabasuyasa with pasren and room of traditional weapons, Bangsal Sewarengga, Gedhong Maerakaca, Bangsal Parangkarsa, and Gedong Purwaretna.

Those unique buildings function in ceremonial events, but also in daily activities of Sri Paku Alam and his family. Besides, there are also offices, horse stable and deer stable.

Yogya Returned Museum

1 March 1949, 06.00 a.m.
Yogyakarta City Center

The sound of serene signaling break time sounded from the Dutch defense post. Under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Suharto, Commander of Brigade 10 of Wehrkreise III area, an attack to the Dutch defense was started after getting an agreement from Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX as initiator of the attack. The Dutch troop that since the Dutch Military Aggression II in December 1948 was distributed to small posts was separated and weakened. During six hours, Indonesian National Army succeeded in occupying Yogyakarta, after hitting the Dutch troop. Right at 12.00 in the afternoon, as it was planned, all Indonesian army drew back from the city center when the Dutch support came; total loose at the Dutch side.
Indonesia Had Been Independent

This battle known as Serangan Umum 1 Maret was initial authentication to the international world that Indonesian National Army still had power to fight and to state that the Republic of Indonesia still existed. This was triggered by the capture and the exile of Bung Karno and Bung Hatta to Sumatera setting propaganda that the Republic of Indonesia had not existed.

This news about the six-hour attack was then sent to Wonosari, continued to Bukit Tinggi, then Burma, New Delhi (India), and finally in the main office of the UN in New York. With this news, the United Nations that considered Indonesia to have been independent compelled the execution of KTN (Komisi Tiga Negara / Commission of Three Nations). The meeting held in Des Indes Hotel Jakarta on 14 April 1949, where Indonesia was represented by Moh. Roem and representatives of Netherlands led by Van Royen, resulted in an agreement signed on 7 May 1949. This agreement was later called Roem Royen Statement. In this agreement Netherlands was compelled to withdraw its troop from Indonesia, and to return President and the Vice President, Soekarno-Hatta to Jogja. Finally on 27 December 1949 Netherlands officially handed over the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia.
Implied and Explicit Meaning of History Hallmark

In order to commemorate the struggle history of the nation, Yogya Kembali monument was built on 29 June 1985. The placement of the first stone of the 31.8 meter-high monument was done by HB IX after planting buffalo head as traditional ceremony. Four years later, on 6 July 1989, this building was finished. The opening was done by President Soeharto by signing the inscription.

The monument that is located in Jongkang village, Sariharjo Sub-District, Ngaglik District of Sleman Regency is of a mountain shape, symbolizing fertility and preservation of pre-historical ancestor’s culture. The location of the monument was based on local culture that is located on imaginary axis connecting Merapi, Tugu, Sultan Palace, Panggung Krapyak, and Parang Tritis. “Macrocosmic Axis or the Great Axis of Life”, as Gunadi told YogYES. The imaginary point in the building standing on 5.6 hectare land can be seen on the third floor where the flag pole is standing.

The name Yogya Kembali that means Yogya Returns symbolizes the return of the function of Indonesian Republic Government and historical hallmark of the Dutch troop withdrawal from Yogyakarta as the capital on 29 June 1949 and the return of President Soekarno, Vice President Mohammad Hatta and other officers on 6 July 1949 to Yogyakarta.
From Aircraft Replica to Quiet Room

Entering the monument area that is located about three kilometers north of Jogja city center visitors will be welcomed by replica of Cureng Aircraft close to the east gate and replica of Guntai Aircraft close to the west entrance. Stepping up the podium at west and east sides, visitors can see two wheeled-machine guns complete with the seats, before stepping down to the open space in front of the foot of the monument mountain. At the south end of the yard stands a wall containing 420 names of the strugglers who died between 19 December 1948 and 29 June 1949 and the poem entitled Karawang Bekasi by Chairil Anwar that is intended for unknown patriots.

The monument is surrounded by fish pond that is divided by four alleys going to the main building. West and east alleys connect to the entrance of the first floor that consists of four rooms presenting at least 1,000 collections of the attack on 1 March, the struggle before the independence until Yogyakarta became the capital of Indonesia. Uniform of Student Military and the sedan chair used to carry the Great General Sudirman are kept there. There is also the main meeting room, which is located adjacent to room I. This rounded room of 25 meter diameter is a functional room that is rented for seminar of even feasts.

North and south alleys are connected to the stairs leading to the second floor at the outdoor wall that circles the building that is carved with 40 reliefs picturing the struggle of Indonesian nation from 17 August 1945 until 28 December 1949. Some historical events such as physical struggle and diplomacies since the proclamation of Indonesian independence, the return of the President and Vice President to Yogyakarta and the formation of People’s Security Army are pictured in the relief. While in the building, there are 10 dioramas encircling the building and picturing situations when the Dutch troop attacked Maguwo on 19 December 1948, 1 March attack, Roem Royen Statement, and ceremony of Independence Day on 17 August 1949 in Gedung Agung Yogyakarta.

The uppermost floor is a round, quiet room with a flag pole with the red and white flag on it at the center of the room, and relief of a fist on the west wall symbolizing physical struggle and diplomacy struggle on the east wall. The Garbha Graha room functions as a place to say prayers for the heroes and remember their struggle.

By far, the history of the nation struggle is heard only from the history teachers at school, or from the story told by the grandfather to his children in law. Yogya Kembali monument gives clearer description of how the independence was achieved by looking at the dioramas, carved reliefs or collection of clothes and weapons used by the strugglers of the independence. One place that will satisfy your desires of knowledge about the road that Indonesian nation had to take to get its independence. (YogYES.COM: R. Syah)

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